Home   News   National   Article

Why has inflation fallen and what does it mean for me?

PA News

UK inflation slowed to 2.3% in April, the lowest level since July 2021, according to new official figures.

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak declared that inflation is “back to normal” and said it is a “major milestone” for the country.

Here, the PA news agency looks at what the latest inflation data means for households and the economy.

– What is inflation and why has it fallen?

Inflation is the term used to describe the rising price of goods and services.

The inflation rate refers to how quickly prices are going up.

April’s inflation rate of 2.3% means that if an item cost £100 a year ago, the same thing would now cost £102.30.

It is lower than the 3.2% inflation rate recorded in March, meaning that prices are rising more slowly than they previously were.

However, it is higher than the 2.1% rate that some economists had been expecting.

(PA Graphics)
(PA Graphics)

– Does this mean that the cost of living is falling?

No, the cost of living is still rising, just at a much slower rate than it has in recent years.

In fact, about two years ago, prices were soaring by around a 10th, largely because of significantly higher gas and electricity costs.

Inflation has been steadily easing back over the past year-and-a-half.

– Will the cost of living ever go down?

The Government does not want prices to fall. It sets the Bank of England, the UK’s central bank, a target to keep the inflation rate at 2%.

It says this is the ideal level to help people and businesses plan their spending.

However, some items have been going down in price. Gas and electricity prices were about 27% lower in April, compared with the previous year, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said on Wednesday.

Some food prices also fell last month, such as fish, milk, cheese and eggs.

Other food prices, like meat, vegetables and bread, have just risen at a slower rate.

(PA Graphics)
(PA Graphics)

– What does the fall in inflation mean for interest rates?

Interest rates are used by the Bank of England as a tool to help control inflation.

Rates are currently at 5.25%, having been held at the level for the past six votes by the Bank’s policymakers.

Economists had thought April’s inflation data could persuade the Bank to cut interest rates when the Monetary Policy Committee next meets in June, if it showed that prices were under control.

However, services inflation, which looks only at service-related categories like hospitality, culture and education, declined by significantly less than economists had predicted.

James Smith, developed markets economist for ING, said services inflation is “the single most important indicator for the Bank of England”.

– So when could interest rates be cut?

Mr Smith said the latest inflation data reduces the chances of interest rates being cut in June.

Daniel Mahoney, UK economist at Handelsbanken, said it “seems very unlikely now that we’ll see a rate cut in June”.

“Before this latest data on inflation was released, markets thought it was probably about 50/50 as to whether we would see an interest rate cut in June or not,” he said.

The higher-than-expected rate, and services inflation figure, reinforces the prediction that an interest rate cut will come in August, he added.

Close This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.Learn More