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How much self-employed workers earn compared to employees in Kent

Additional reporting from Harriet Clugston, RADAR AI

Annual earnings for the self-employed in Kent are more than £7,000 less than employed workers' wages.

Self-employed workers earn 47% less than employees Stock picture: RADAR AI/PA
Self-employed workers earn 47% less than employees Stock picture: RADAR AI/PA

The Association of Independent Professionals and the Self-Employed says a lack of support during lockdown has been “devastating” for self-employed people, after they were left waiting three months for government grants.

The latest HMRC figures for the 2017/18 tax year show the median income for a self-employed worker in Kent was £15,600. The median is a measure of the average which takes the middle of a range of figures, to exclude very low or high earners.

For employed workers, the median income was £23,000 – £7,400 or 47%, more. The figures mean that Kent's self-employed earn slightly more than the average across the South East, which is £15,100.

Across the UK, self-employed people took home an average of £14,600 in 2017/18 – £8,500 less than the £23,100 employees earned.

Under a government scheme announced in March to support the self-employed through the crisis, those earning less than £50,000 per year could claim 80% of their monthly profits, up to a maximum of £2,500 per month.

Self-employed people saw an average loss of 76% during lockdown
Self-employed people saw an average loss of 76% during lockdown

Three months’ worth of earnings were paid out in one lump sum – but workers had to wait until June for the payment.

An Institute of Fiscal Studies report found more than a quarter of self-employed people earning less than £50,000 would not have had enough savings and other liquid assets to cover three months of lost earnings – even if they had a partner who was also earning.

Andy Chamberlain, director of policy at the Association of Independent Professionals and the Self-Employed, said their research showed around three-quarters of self-employed people had seen their income drop during the crisis, with an average loss of 76%.

He said: “The self-employed are a hugely diverse group – in terms of both their incomes and their ways of working.

"This diversity has been largely overlooked in the provision of support during the coronavirus crisis, leading to a one size fits all system that has allowed far too many people to fall through the gaps. The lack of support has been devastating for them.”

Newly self-employed people, freelancers who work through limited companies, and those who do a mix of employed and freelance work were particularly badly affected, he added.

Those who do a mix of employed and freelance work were particularly badly affected
Those who do a mix of employed and freelance work were particularly badly affected

The Trades Union Congress has raised concerns about low wages for the self-employed, arguing some gig economy companies are using self-employment to get around paying the minimum wage to workers.

General secretary Frances O'Grady said: “While there are many who are happily self-employed, there are too many workers who have been forced into sham self-employment in the gig economy.

"During this pandemic we have relied on many of those who are told by their employers that they are self-employed — like the couriers delivering parcels, and the riders delivering takeaway food — who do not have proper workers’ rights.

"Companies must not be allowed to dodge their obligations, like paying the minimum wage and guaranteeing their workers the rights they deserve."

A spokesman for the Treasury said the self-employment income support scheme is one of the most generous in the world, and had paid out £7.7 billion to 2.6 million people as of June 28.

He added: “As the economy re-opens, we will continue to look at how to adjust our support in a way that ensures people can get back to work, protecting both the UK economy and the livelihoods of people across the country.”

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